Fun Ways to Teach Kids about Variables in Coding: From Coding Games to Projects

Joe Goodwin

Fun Ways to Teach Kids about Variables in Coding: From Coding Games to Projects

Ever wondered how computer games remember your highest score or how your favorite app knows your username every time you log in? Well, it’s all thanks to something called variables in coding. Just like the way we use boxes to store our toys, coding uses variables to store information.

What are Variables in Coding?

So, you’re probably wondering, “What are these ‘variables’ in coding?” To put it simply, variables are like digital performance artists. They’ve got the knack to play different roles, portray various characters, and most importantly, perform multiple tasks. In coding, they’re a superstar asset.

Think of a variable as a handy little box in the world of programming. Just like you use a box to store toys, a variable is used to store information or data in a program. This could be as simple as a number or as complex as a piece of text.

But here’s the fun part ‒ these variables can change as the program progresses. That’s why they’re called ‘variables’. They add flexibility to the world of coding and that’s exactly how games remember your high scores or apps remember your usernames.

Types of Variables

Consider that there are different types of boxes in your playroom: big boxes, small boxes, flat boxes, or tall boxes. Similarly, coding languages have different types of variables. Here’s a quick rundown on the major ones:

  • Integers: These variables are the whole numbers, like 5, 10, or 25.
  • Floats: These variables include numbers with decimals. Those could be numbers like 15.63 or 0.99.
  • Strings: This type is used for text. ‘Hello world!’ or ‘Alice25’ are examples of string variables.
  • Boolean: These variables are binary, meaning they’re either true or false. It’s like a switch. It’s either on or off.

So, there you have it! That’s a simple breakdown of what variables are in coding. Now with this understanding, you’ll start seeing them everywhere in the digital world, from your favorite video games to the apps on your mobile.

Why are Variables Important in Coding for Kids?

In the realm of coding, variables play a critical role, particularly for young learners. These versatile tools of the trade serve a multitude of purposes that greatly amplify the capabilities of code. At first glance, the concept might seem complex, but I assure you it’s rather straightforward. Let’s delve into why variables are of such high significance in coding for kids.

Primarily, variables simplify coding. Ever tried remembering every little detail about a thing all at the same time? It’s quite taxing, right? Imagine if a computer program had to do the same. Instead of laboring over every single constant value, a program employs variables to store, update, and retrieve values as needed. These “digital boxes” thus make the whole process a lot more efficient and manageable.

Moreover, variables add dynamics to programming. Like performance artists, variables are flexible and adaptable, changing their roles as the script—or in this case, the program—progresses. A single variable can store a player’s score in one moment and their high-score the next. This dynamism makes programming much more interactive and engaging—a key aspect in any learning experience for kids.

Here, take a peek at how critical variables are:

Benefits of Variables Description
Simplicity Variables simplify code by storing, updating, and retrieving values as required.
Dynamics Variables add interactivity and engagement to programming as they can change roles during execution.

Lastly, understanding variables at a young age provides an excellent gateway to more advanced concepts. Variables are fundamental to greater complexities such as data structures, algorithms, and functions. Familiarity with variables goes a long way in paving a smoother path, encouraging curiosity and a deeper understanding of coding. Indeed, variables in coding aren’t just versatile performers; they’re also magnificent teachers in disguise.

Different Types of Variables in Coding

Diving deeper into our coding journey, let’s familiarize ourselves with the different types of variables that bring vibrancy to our code. Variables in coding don’t always wear the same hat. They change their nature, still remaining core to efficient coding.

Let’s introduce ourselves to three key types of variables, widely used in coding: global, local, and constant.

Global Variables

A global variable is a superstar on the coding stage. It’s accessible from anywhere in the code, regardless of where it’s declared. This universality might sound appealing, but remember, with great power comes great responsibility. Overuse can lead to coding conflicts and harder code management. Use them smartly!

Local Variables

Meet the humble and reliable local variable. Staying within its local scope, it doesn’t interfere with other parts of the program. Declare a local variable in a function or a loop, and it will serve its purpose efficiently, without sticking its nose into other code sections. Its limited scope makes it easier to debug and maintain your code.

Constant Variables

Lastly, we have the steadfast and unchanging constant variable. Once declared, it remains unchanged throughout the code. It’s like the north star, always constant. It’s useful for defining values that we know won’t change, like the value of pi or the number of hours in a day.

The below table presents these variable types for a quick reference:

Variable Type Scope Can Change Value?
Global Everywhere in the code Yes
Local Within its local scope Yes
Constant Everywhere in the code No

How to Use Variables in Simple Coding Projects for Kids

First things first, it’s crucial to establish a solid basis for code development. Getting hands-on with coding projects is a sure-fire way to do this. Let’s start with a simple project: a Calculator App.

This project will need integer variables to hold two numbers, and another one to hold the result of an operation. Suppose we’re adding two numbers. In the programming language, we’d create two variables, assign them values and perform the operation. Here’s a simplified pseudo-code example

FirstVariable = 5
SecondVariable = 10
Result = FirstVariable + SecondVariable

So now, Result holds the value 15, which is the sum of FirstVariable and SecondVariable.

In another example like a Story Maker project, we’d use string variables. If we’re creating a program that lets a child input their favorite food, color, and hobby and then outputs a fun little story, we’d need three string variables. An example in pseudo-code might be:

FavoriteFood = "Pizza"
FavoriteColor = "Blue"
Hobby = "Soccer"
Output = "I have a " + FavoriteColor + " ball that I love playing " + Hobby + " with. After the game, I enjoy a delicious " + FavoriteFood + "."

In this context, each variable is holding specific information which, when put together, forms a complete sentence.

These two simple coding projects for kids provide a solid understanding of the different uses for variables. It encourages them to think about variables not just as single values, but as placeholders for information that the code can manipulate or combine. By integrating these practices into their coding, kids can start to see the real power and flexibility of variables.

Fun Ways to Teach Kids about Variables in Coding

Introducing children to coding isn’t simply about teaching them how to string together commands. It’s also crucial to help them grasp abstract concepts such as variables. Here are some creative ways I’ve come across to help kids understand and enjoy learning about variables in coding.

Coding Games: One of the most entertaining ways for kids to learn about variables is through coding games. These interactive activities are designed to teach children about variables in a fun, game-like environment. Code Combat, Tynker, and Scratch are some of the popular platforms that offer such games. These platforms present challenges that require children to utilize variables to solve puzzles and complete objectives.

Project-Based Learning: Projects like the Calculator App and Story Maker, which were mentioned earlier, are great examples of project-based learning. By directly applying the coding concepts they’ve learned, children not only comprehensively grasp the functionality of variables, but also get a taste of how coding unfolds in real-world scenarios.

Coding Toys: Toys such as Robobloq Qobo, Ozobot Bit Coding Robot, and ThinkFun Robot Turtles Board Game make learning about variables a hands-on experience. Kids can program these toys using variables, giving them physical, interactive representations of these abstract concepts.

Visual Teaching Methods: Another effective way to teach kids about variables is through visual teaching methods. Use charts, diagrams or simple drawings to explain how variables work. An effective example of such a method would be drawing a bucket, depicting it as a variable that can hold values (water), and then showing how this bucket (variable) can be emptied, refilled, and reused.

Lastly, the biggest secret in teaching kids about variables in coding, or any aspect of coding for that matter, is to keep it fun and engaging. Children naturally love to play and learn best when they’re having fun. So, whether you’re using games, projects, toys, or visual teaching methods, ensuring that the learning process aligns with the joy of playing will set the kid on a journey of lifelong learning and curiosity for coding.


So there you have it. Teaching kids about variables in coding doesn’t have to be a daunting task. With the right tools and methods, it can be a fun and engaging process. By utilizing coding games, project-based learning, coding toys, and visual teaching methods, we can make learning about variables in coding enjoyable for kids. Remember, it’s about igniting their curiosity and making the learning journey exciting. As they say, when you’re having fun, you’re learning. And with these tools and methods, we’re not just teaching kids about variables in coding, we’re also shaping the future innovators and problem solvers of tomorrow.

Joe Goodwin